Instrument’s name Oswestry Disability Index SF36 STarT Back Tool Neck Disability Index Back

Beliefs Questionnaire

Link ODI SF36 Back Tool NDI Back questionnaire
Objectives To quantify disability for low back pain To measure generic health concepts To identify modifiable risk factors for back pain To assess disability in patients with neck pain To identify inappropriate beliefs about low back pain that foster a reluctance towards early return to activities
Domains Pain

Physical abilities

Social life


General health

Physical functioning

Social functioning

Mental health


Psychological Social


Daily activities


Back beliefs


Impact on work

Number of items 10 36 9 10 14