There are variations in strategies for screening methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in pre-operative patients across U.S
Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis describes a condition in which there is diminished space available for the neural and vascular elements in the lumbar spine.
Lumbar disc herniation is a localized displacement of disc material beyond the normal margins of the intervertebral disc space1 resulting in pain.
Cervical radiculopathy from degenerative disorders can be de ned as pain in a radicular pattern in one or both upper extremities.
Isthmic spondylolisthesis is the anterior translation of one lumbar vertebra relative to the next caudal segment as a result of an abnormality in the pars interarticularis.